PHPMyAdmin 配置文件详解(配置)
时间:10月18日
非常适合对数据库操作命令不熟悉的数据库管理者,下面我就说下怎么安装该工具:

1.先到网上下载phpmyadmin,再解压到可以访问的web目录下(如果是虚拟空间,可以解压后通过ftp等上传到web目录下),当然您可以修改解压后该文件的名称。

2.配置config文件
打开libraries下的config.default.php文件,依次找到下面各项,按照说明配置即可:
A.访问网址
引用:
$cfg['PmaAbsoluteUri'] = '';这里填写phpmyadmin的访问网址

B.mysql主机信息
引用:
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['host'] = 'localhost'; // MySQL hostname or IP address
填写localhost或mysql所在服务器的ip地址,如果mysql和该phpmyadmin在同一服务器,则按默认localhost
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['port'] = ''; // MySQL port - leave blank for default port
mysql端口,如果是默认3306,保留为空即可

C.mysql用户名和密码
引用:
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['user'] = 'root'; // MySQL user 访问phpmyadmin使用的mysql用户名
fg['Servers'][$i]['password'] = ''; // MySQL password (only needed对应上述mysql用户名的密码
D.认证方法
引用:
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['auth_type'] = 'cookie';
在此有四种模式可供选择,cookie,http,HTTP,config
config方式即输入phpmyadmin的访问网址即可直接进入,无需输入用户名和密码,是不安全的,不推荐使用。
当该项设置为cookie,http或HTTP时,登录phpmyadmin需要数据用户名和密码进行验证,,具体如下:
PHP安装模式为Apache,可以使用http和cookie;
PHP安装模式为CGI,可以使用cookie

E.短语密码(blowfish_secret)的设置
引用:
$cfg['blowfish_secret'] = '';
如果认证方法设置为cookie,就需要设置短语密码,置于设置为什么密码,由您自己决定 ,但是不能留空,否则会在登录phpmyadmin时提示错误
好了,到此为止,您已经成功安装了phpmyadmin,简单吧 ,赶快登录体验下吧

说明:
该文档说明的只是安装phpmyadmin的基本配置,关于config.default.php文件中各个配置参数的详细说明可以

phpMyAdmin 就是一种 MySQL 数据库的管理工具,安装该工具后,即可以通过 web 形式直接管理 MySQL 数据,而不需要通过执行系统命令来管理,非常适合对数据库操作命令不熟悉的数据库管理者,下面详细说明该工具的安装方法。
一、下载
1、先到官方站点下载phpMyAdmin 安装包:http://www.phpmyadmin.net/ (安装包含各种语言all-languages)
2、再解压到 web 可以访问的目录下,如果是虚拟空间,可以解压后通过 ftp 工具上传到 web 目录下,同时您可以修改解压后该文件的名称(你可以自定义目录名称)。

二、配置
3、打开 /libraries/config.default.php文件(旧版本是根目录下的config.inc.php文件),用写字板(不要用记事本,这是UTF8编码)进行编辑,按照说明配置即可。
4、查找 $cfg['PmaAbsoluteUri']=‘'; // 修改为你将上传到空间的phpMyAdmin的网址
如:$cfg['PmaAbsoluteUri'] =‘http: // 网站域名/phpmyadmin/';
5、查找 $cfg['Servers'][$i]['host'] =‘localhost'; // 通常用默认,也有例外,可以不用修改
6、查找 $cfg['Servers'][$i]['auth_type'] =‘config'; // 在自己的机子里调试用config;如果在网络上的空间用cookie.
在此有四种模式可供选择:cookie,http,HTTP,config
① config 方式即输入phpMyAdmin 的访问网址即可直接进入,无需输入用户名和密码,是不安全的,不推荐使用。
② 设置cookie,http,HTTP方式,登录 phpMyAdmin 需要数据用户名和密码进行验证。
具体如下:PHP 安装模式为 Apache,可以使用 http 和 cookie;PHP 安装模式为 CGI,可以使用 cookie。
7、查找 $cfg['Servers'][$i]['user'] = ‘root'; // MySQL用户名
8、查找 $cfg['Servers'][$i]['password'] =''; // MySQL 密码 (only needed 留空就可以了)
9、查找 $cfg['Servers'][$i]['only_db'] = ''; // 你只有一个数据就设置一下,设置为你的数据库名;如果你想架设服务器,那么建议留空
10、查找 $cfg['DefaultLang'] = ‘zh'; // 这里是选择语言,zh代表简体中文的意思
11、查找$cfg['blowfish_secret'] =''; // 如果认证方法设置为cookie,就需要设置短语密码,设置为什么密码,由您自己决定,这里不能留空,否则会在登录 phpMyAdmin 时提示如下图所示的错误。
PHPMyadmin 配置文件详解(配置) 12、设置完毕后保存,现在可以上传到网络空间上了,浏览http://网站域名/phpmyadmin/测试一下。(输入数据库的用户名及密码就可以了)
PHPMyadmin 配置文件详解(配置)
如果要安装过程中出现:“phpMyAdmin - 错误 缺少 mysqli 扩展。请检查 PHP 配置。”错误。
解决方法如下:
①到phpmyadmin文件夹的\libraries\config.default.php文件中找:$cfg['Servers'][$i]['extension']='mysql';语句。
②如果有找到$cfg['Servers'][$i]['extension']='mysql';这句,就继续查找下面这句$cfg['Servers'][$i]['extension']='mysqli'; 并把其的注释去掉。
③如果没有找到$cfg['Servers'][$i]['extension']='mysql';这句,就把$cfg['Servers'][$i]['extension']='mysqli';语句,改成$cfg['Servers'][$i]['extension']='mysql'; 语句。(即确保 " mysql " 值能生效)
<?php
/* $Id: config.inc.php,v 1.204.2.1 2003/10/10 14:24:24 nijel Exp $ */
// vim: expandtab sw=4 ts=4 sts=4: /**
* phpMyAdmin Configuration File
*
* All directives are explained in Documentation.html
*/

/**
* Sets the php error reporting - Please do not change this line!
*/
if (!isset($old_error_reporting)) {
??? error_reporting(E_ALL);
??? @ini_set('display_errors', '1');
}
/**
* Your phpMyAdmin url
*
* Complete the variable below with the full url ie
*??? http://www.your_web.net/path_to_your_phpMyAdmin_directory/
*
* It must contain characters that are valid for a URL, and the path is
* case sensitive on some Web servers, for example Unix-based servers.
*
* In most cases you can leave this variable empty, as the correct value
* will be detected automatically. However, we recommend that you do
* test to see that the auto-detection code works in your system. A good
* test is to browse a table, then edit a row and save it. There will be
* an error message if phpMyAdmin cannot auto-detect the correct value.
*
* If the auto-detection code does work properly, you can set to TRUE the
* $cfg['PmaAbsoluteUri_DisableWarning'] variable below.
*/
$cfg['PmaAbsoluteUri'] = '';-----这里设置你的phpmyadmin的URL,如:http://localhost/phpmyadmin/
/**
* Disable the default warning about $cfg['PmaAbsoluteUri'] not being set
* You should use this if and ONLY if the PmaAbsoluteUri auto-detection
* works perfectly.
*/
$cfg['PmaAbsoluteUri_DisableWarning'] = FALSE; /**
* Disable the default warning that is displayed on the DB Details Structure page if
* any of the required Tables for the relationfeatures could not be found
*/
$cfg['PmaNoRelation_DisableWarning'] = FALSE; /**
* The 'cookie' auth_type uses blowfish algorithm to encrypt the password. If
* at least one server configuration uses 'cookie' auth_type, enter here a
* passphrase that will be used by blowfish.
$cfg['blowfish_secret'] = '';-----设定好root密码后这里也要填写 /**
* Server(s) configuration
*/
$i = 0;
// The $cfg['Servers'] array starts with $cfg['Servers'][1]. Do not use $cfg['Servers'][0].
// You can disable a server config entry by setting host to ''.
$i++;
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['host']????????? = 'localhost'; // MySQL hostname or IP address----这里可以设定远程MySQL服务器IP地址 $cfg['Servers'][$i]['port']????????? = '';????????? // MySQL port - leave blank for default port-----默认为3306 $cfg['Servers'][$i]['socket']??????? = '';????????? // Path to the socket - leave blank for default socket $cfg['Servers'][$i]['connect_type'] = 'tcp';?????? // How to connect to MySQL server ('tcp' or 'socket')-----连接MySQL服务器的方式 $cfg['Servers'][$i]['compress']????? = FALSE;?????? // Use compressed protocol for the MySQL connection
??????????????????????????????????????????????????? // (requires PHP >= 4.3.0)-----是否使用压缩协议,PHP版本须>= 4.3.0 $cfg['Servers'][$i]['controluser']?? = '';????????? // MySQL control user settings
??????????????????????????????????????????????????? // (this user must have read-only
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['controlpass']?? = '';????????? // access to the "mysql/user"
??????????????????????????????????????????????????? // and "mysql/db" tables)-----MySQL控制用户设定,该用户只对mysql数据库下的user和db表有完全权限 $cfg['Servers'][$i]['auth_type']???? = 'config';???
// Authentication method (config, http or cookie based)?-----如果PHP安装模式为Apache,可以使用http和cookie;如果PHP安装模式为CGI,可以使用cookie;默认为config,是不安全的,不推荐。 $cfg['Servers'][$i]['user']????????? = 'root';????? // MySQL user-----MySQL连接用户 $cfg['Servers'][$i]['password']????? = '';?????????
// MySQL password (only needed with 'config' auth_type)-----MySQL连接密码,建议在安装好PHP和MySQL后,先用phpmyadmin设定root密码,然后在这里填写 $cfg['Servers'][$i]['only_db']?????? = '';????????? // If set to a db-name, only
??????????????????????????????????????????????????? // this db is displayed
??????????????????????????????????????????????????? // at left frame
??????????????????????????????????????????????????? // It may also be an array
??????????????????????????????????????????????????? // of db-names-----如果在这里设定一个数据库的名字,那么登陆后框架左边将只显示这个数据库 $cfg['Servers'][$i]['verbose']?????? = '';????????? // Verbose name for this host - leave blank to show the hostname $cfg['Servers'][$i]['pmadb']???????? = '';????????? // Database used for Relation, Bookmark and PDF Features
??????????????????????????????????????????????????? // (see scripts/create_tables.sql)
??????????????????????????????????????????????????? //?? - leave blank for no support
??????????????????????????????????????????????????? //???? DEFAULT: 'phpmyadmin'
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['bookmarktable'] = '';????????? // Bookmark table
??????????????????????????????????????????????????? //?? - leave blank for no bookmark support
??????????????????????????????????????????????????? //???? DEFAULT: 'pma_bookmark'
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['relation']????? = '';????????? // table to describe the relation between links (see doc)
??????????????????????????????????????????????????? //?? - leave blank for no relation-links support
??????????????????????????????????????????????????? //???? DEFAULT: 'pma_relation'
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['table_info']??? = '';????????? // table to describe the display fields
??????????????????????????????????????????????????? //?? - leave blank for no display fields support
??????????????????????????????????????????????????? //???? DEFAULT: 'pma_table_info'
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['table_coords'] = '';????????? // table to describe the tables position for the PDF schema
??????????????????????????????????????????????????? //?? - leave blank for no PDF schema support
??????????????????????????????????????????????????? //???? DEFAULT: 'pma_table_coords'
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['pdf_pages']???? = '';????????? // table to describe pages of relationpdf
??????????????????????????????????????????????????? //?? - leave blank if you don't want to use this
??????????????????????????????????????????????????? //???? DEFAULT: 'pma_pdf_pages'
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['column_info']?? = '';????????? // table to store column information
??????????????????????????????????????????????????? //?? - leave blank for no column comments/mime types
??????????????????????????????????????????????????? //???? DEFAULT: 'pma_column_info'
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['history']?????? = '';????????? // table to store SQL history
??????????????????????????????????????????????????? //?? - leave blank for no SQL query history
??????????????????????????????????????????????????? //???? DEFAULT: 'pma_history'
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['verbose_check'] = TRUE;??????? // set to FALSE if you know that your pma_* tables
??????????????????????????????????????????????????? // are up to date. This prevents compatibility
??????????????????????????????????????????????????? // checks and thereby increases performance.
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['AllowDeny']['order']?????????? // Host authentication order, leave blank to not use
???????????????????????????????????? = '';
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['AllowDeny']['rules']?????????? // Host authentication rules, leave blank for defaults
???????????????????????????????????? = array();
$i++;
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['host']??????????? = '';
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['port']??????????? = '';
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['socket']????????? = '';
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['connect_type']??? = 'tcp';
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['compress']??????? = FALSE;
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['controluser']???? = '';
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['controlpass']???? = '';
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['auth_type']?????? = 'config';
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['user']??????????? = 'root';
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['password']??????? = '';
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['only_db']???????? = '';
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['verbose']???????? = '';
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['pmadb']?????????? = ''; // 'phpmyadmin' - see scripts/create_tables.sql
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['bookmarktable']?? = ''; // 'pma_bookmark'
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['relation']??????? = ''; // 'pma_relation'
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['table_info']????? = ''; // 'pma_table_info'
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['table_coords']??? = ''; // 'pma_table_coords'
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['pdf_pages']?????? = ''; // 'pma_pdf_pages'
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['column_info']???? = ''; // 'pma_column_info'
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['history']???????? = ''; // 'pma_history'
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['verbose_check']?? = TRUE;
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['AllowDeny']['order']
?????????????????????????????????????? = '';
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['AllowDeny']['rules']
?????????????????????????????????????? = array(); $i++;
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['host']??????????? = '';
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['port']??????????? = '';
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['socket']????????? = '';
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['connect_type']??? = 'tcp';
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['compress']??????? = FALSE;
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['controluser']???? = '';
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['controlpass']???? = '';
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['auth_type']?????? = 'config';
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['user']??????????? = 'root';
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['password']??????? = '';
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['only_db']???????? = '';
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['verbose']???????? = '';
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['pmadb']?????????? = ''; // 'phpmyadmin' - see scripts/create_tables.sql
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['bookmarktable']?? = ''; // 'pma_bookmark'
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['relation']??????? = ''; // 'pma_relation'
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['table_info']????? = ''; // 'pma_table_info'
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['table_coords']??? = ''; // 'pma_table_coords'
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['pdf_pages']?????? = ''; // 'pma_pdf_pages'
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['column_info']???? = ''; // 'pma_column_info'
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['history']???????? = ''; // 'pma_history'
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['verbose_check']?? = TRUE;
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['AllowDeny']['order']
?????????????????????????????????????? = '';
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['AllowDeny']['rules']
?????????????????????????????????????? = array(); // If you have more than one server configured, you can set $cfg['ServerDefault']
// to any one of them to autoconnect to that server when phpMyAdmin is started,
// or set it to 0 to be given a list of servers without logging in
// If you have only one server configured, $cfg['ServerDefault'] *MUST* be
// set to that server.[color]=red]-----是否显示所有的MySQL服务器
$cfg['ServerDefault'] = 1;????????????? // Default server (0 = no default server)
$cfg['Server']??????? = '';
unset($cfg['Servers'][0]);
/**
* Other core phpMyAdmin settings
*/
$cfg['OBGzip']????????????????? = 'auto'; // use GZIP output buffering if possible (TRUE|FALSE|'auto')-----有必要的话是否使用GZIP输出缓冲 $cfg['PersistentConnections']?? = FALSE; // use persistent connections to MySQL database-----是否使用MySQL持久连接,即pconnect $cfg['ExecTimeLimit']?????????? = 300;??? // maximum execution time in seconds (0 for no limit)-----最大脚本执行时间,单位:秒 $cfg['SkipLockedTables']??????? = FALSE; // mark used tables, make possible to show
????????????????????????????????????????? // locked tables (since MySQL 3.23.30)
$cfg['ShowSQL']???????????????? = TRUE;?? // show SQL queries as run-----运行查询时显示SQL查询语句 $cfg['AllowUserDropDatabase']?? = FALSE; // show a 'Drop database' link to normal users-----是否对普通用户显示“删除数据库”连接 $cfg['Confirm']???????????????? = TRUE;?? // confirm 'DROP TABLE' & 'DROP DATABASE'-----删除数据表/库前是否出现确认提示框 $cfg['LoginCookieRecall']?????? = TRUE;?? // recall previous login in cookie auth. mode or not-----是否收回先前cookie认证模式的cookie $cfg['UseDbSearch']???????????? = TRUE;?? // whether to enable the "database search" feature
????????????????????????????????????????? // or not
$cfg['IgnoreMultiSubmitErrors'] = FALSE; // if set to true, PMA continues computing multiple-statement queries
????????????????????????????????????????? // even if one of the queries failed
$cfg['VerboseMultiSubmit']????? = TRUE;?? // if set to true, PMA will show the affected rows of EACH statement on
????????????????????????????????????????? // multiple-statement queries. See the read_dump.php file for hardcoded
????????????????????????????????????????? // defaults on how many queries a statement may contain!
$cfg['AllowArbitraryServer']??? = FALSE; // allow login to any user entered server in cookie based auth
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